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18+ ONLY, PLEASE LEAVE IF YOU ARE UNDER THE AGE OF 18

death, injuries, surgeries, genetic disorders, occasionally other people's art, etc.
nsfw nsfl please leave if you are of a nervous disposition as the content here is very graphic

sixpenceee:

JOINTS IN MOTION

As said by IFL science

Cameron Drake of San Francisco has created a collection of magnificent images showing joints in motion. He was aided by orthopedic physician Dr. Noah Weiss and the finished product is completely amazing. If you’d like to know more about the project, please check out Drake’s blog.

howtoskinatiger:

Pregnant ewe after being attacked by a coyote. The injuries were so severe the ewe had to be euthanized. 
(Source)

howtoskinatiger:

Pregnant ewe after being attacked by a coyote. The injuries were so severe the ewe had to be euthanized. 

(Source)

malformalady:

Dermestid beetles being used to clean a human skull at Skulls Unlimited International, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. Dermestid beetles are destructive to a number of common items. Natural animal fibers such as wool, silk, cotton, linen, fur, or feathers are more prone to attack than synthetic fibers. Dermestids are also known to attack chocolate, copra, and cocoa beans. Most damage is done by the larval stage of the beetle, while adults feed on flowers and shrubs.
Photo credit: Sklmsta

malformalady:

Dermestid beetles being used to clean a human skull at Skulls Unlimited International, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. Dermestid beetles are destructive to a number of common items. Natural animal fibers such as wool, silk, cotton, linen, fur, or feathers are more prone to attack than synthetic fibers. Dermestids are also known to attack chocolate, copra, and cocoa beans. Most damage is done by the larval stage of the beetle, while adults feed on flowers and shrubs.

Photo credit: Sklmsta

dog-guts:

river rafting accident

dog-guts:

river rafting accident

backspatter:

The 21 Steps of an Autopsy

The dead body arrives at the morgue.
The body’s identity is confirmed, assigned an identification number, and given a toe tag, which is a cardboard ticket with all of the corpse’s pertinent information written on it. This tag is tied to the big toe.
The body is photographed from head to toe, front and back, in the clothing it was wearing when it arrived at the morgue.
The body is photographed from head to toe, front and back, completly naked.
The body is weighed on a scale, and the weight is recorded. The body is also measured for length, and completely X-rayed.
The fingerprints of the corpse are taken. In instances in which hands and/or fingers are missing parts are duly noted.
The clothing the deceased was wearing upon arrival at the morgue is carefully examined. Fiber samples from the garments are taken for later study, and stains on clothing are noted and examined.
Any and all moles, wounds, tattoos, scars (including surgical scars), and other physical body anomalies are noted and examined.
The corpse’s fingernails, toenails, skin, and hair are examined. The skin on the arms and legs is carefully checked for syringe markings.
During a medical autopsy of a female, a rigorous examination of the external genitalia (labia, pubic hair, etc) is performed to determine whether or not there was a rape or sexual assault committed against the woman prior to (and/or after) her death.
Body fluids (blood, urine, etc) are withdrawn from the body and subjected to comprehensive toxicology tests.
The coroner makes a huge, full body-length “Y” incision that opens up the entire front of the body. The incision starts at each shoulder, proceeds on an angle down to the mid-chest, and then joins into a straight line that extends all the way to the pubis. This is the most dramatic element of a medical-legal autopsy, and most people who have never seen one performed are stunned by the dramatic way the body is spread wide by this incision. Many people have, at one time or another, seen some sort of surgical procedure performed. The incisions, even for major abdominal surgery, are thin, neat, and relatively “clean.” An autopsy incision need not be neat, nor concerned with excessive bleeding. Thus, the corpse is split wide open by a deep cut that is a very effective reminder that the person being autopsied is, in fact, quite dead.
First the organs of the upper abdominal cavity-the lungs, heart, esophagus and trachea-are removed. The coroner then takes out the lower abdominal organs, which include the liver, spleen, kidneys, adrenals, stomach, and intestines. Slices of each organ are taken and tested.
The internal genitalia of both males and females are examined. In the case of females, the uterus and vagina are carefully studied for signs of pregnancy, rape, or some form of sexual assault.
The organs of the pelvic region, including the bladder, the uterus, and the ovaries, are removed. Samples of each organ are taken and analyzed.
When the cause of death are either drowning or a suspected poisoning or drug overdose, the contents of the stomach are removed, examined, and carefully analyzed. All findings are recorded.
Any and all bullet wounds are recorded. The number of wounds is noted, as well as the perceived direction(s) of the bullet(s). An estimate, based on the configuration of the bullet entrance wounds, is made as to what distance the gun was from the victim when it was fired. All bullets are removed from the body and placed in plastic bags. The bullets are then examined and recorded as evidence.
First, a deep incision is made in the skin of the scalp. The cut, which is called intermastiod, begins behind one ear, travels over the top of the head, and ends behind the opposite ear. The scalp is then grasped firmly and pulled forward over the face, baring the skull. Using an electric saw, a wedge-shaped portion of the skull is cut out and removed, exposing the brain. The brain is then removed in its entirety, weighed, and examined.
Since he or she is now through with them, the coroner returns all of the removed internal organs to the body cavities.
The autopsy findings, complete with a final opinion as to the cause of death, as well as all reports and photographs, are turned over to legal authorities. This “package” becomes part of the corpus delecti, and is used as evidence in a court of law when necessary. The folder containing all of this detailed information is known as the case file.
A final determination is made as to the cause of death, and the death certificate is filled out.
The body is turned over to the funeral director the family has selected. The body is then prepared for burial, cremation, or donation.

backspatter:

The 21 Steps of an Autopsy

  • The dead body arrives at the morgue.
  • The body’s identity is confirmed, assigned an identification number, and given a toe tag, which is a cardboard ticket with all of the corpse’s pertinent information written on it. This tag is tied to the big toe.
  • The body is photographed from head to toe, front and back, in the clothing it was wearing when it arrived at the morgue.
  • The body is photographed from head to toe, front and back, completly naked.
  • The body is weighed on a scale, and the weight is recorded. The body is also measured for length, and completely X-rayed.
  • The fingerprints of the corpse are taken. In instances in which hands and/or fingers are missing parts are duly noted.
  • The clothing the deceased was wearing upon arrival at the morgue is carefully examined. Fiber samples from the garments are taken for later study, and stains on clothing are noted and examined.
  • Any and all moles, wounds, tattoos, scars (including surgical scars), and other physical body anomalies are noted and examined.
  • The corpse’s fingernails, toenails, skin, and hair are examined. The skin on the arms and legs is carefully checked for syringe markings.
  • During a medical autopsy of a female, a rigorous examination of the external genitalia (labia, pubic hair, etc) is performed to determine whether or not there was a rape or sexual assault committed against the woman prior to (and/or after) her death.
  • Body fluids (blood, urine, etc) are withdrawn from the body and subjected to comprehensive toxicology tests.
  • The coroner makes a huge, full body-length “Y” incision that opens up the entire front of the body. The incision starts at each shoulder, proceeds on an angle down to the mid-chest, and then joins into a straight line that extends all the way to the pubis. This is the most dramatic element of a medical-legal autopsy, and most people who have never seen one performed are stunned by the dramatic way the body is spread wide by this incision. Many people have, at one time or another, seen some sort of surgical procedure performed. The incisions, even for major abdominal surgery, are thin, neat, and relatively “clean.” An autopsy incision need not be neat, nor concerned with excessive bleeding. Thus, the corpse is split wide open by a deep cut that is a very effective reminder that the person being autopsied is, in fact, quite dead.
  • First the organs of the upper abdominal cavity-the lungs, heart, esophagus and trachea-are removed. The coroner then takes out the lower abdominal organs, which include the liver, spleen, kidneys, adrenals, stomach, and intestines. Slices of each organ are taken and tested.
  • The internal genitalia of both males and females are examined. In the case of females, the uterus and vagina are carefully studied for signs of pregnancy, rape, or some form of sexual assault.
  • The organs of the pelvic region, including the bladder, the uterus, and the ovaries, are removed. Samples of each organ are taken and analyzed.
  • When the cause of death are either drowning or a suspected poisoning or drug overdose, the contents of the stomach are removed, examined, and carefully analyzed. All findings are recorded.
  • Any and all bullet wounds are recorded. The number of wounds is noted, as well as the perceived direction(s) of the bullet(s). An estimate, based on the configuration of the bullet entrance wounds, is made as to what distance the gun was from the victim when it was fired. All bullets are removed from the body and placed in plastic bags. The bullets are then examined and recorded as evidence.
  • First, a deep incision is made in the skin of the scalp. The cut, which is called intermastiod, begins behind one ear, travels over the top of the head, and ends behind the opposite ear. The scalp is then grasped firmly and pulled forward over the face, baring the skull. Using an electric saw, a wedge-shaped portion of the skull is cut out and removed, exposing the brain. The brain is then removed in its entirety, weighed, and examined.
  • Since he or she is now through with them, the coroner returns all of the removed internal organs to the body cavities.
  • The autopsy findings, complete with a final opinion as to the cause of death, as well as all reports and photographs, are turned over to legal authorities. This “package” becomes part of the corpus delecti, and is used as evidence in a court of law when necessary. The folder containing all of this detailed information is known as the case file.
  • A final determination is made as to the cause of death, and the death certificate is filled out.
  • The body is turned over to the funeral director the family has selected. The body is then prepared for burial, cremation, or donation.
backspatter:

The classic Y-incision during an autopsy.

backspatter:

The classic Y-incision during an autopsy.

malformalady:

Thermal corneal burn following a curling iron mishap

malformalady:

Thermal corneal burn following a curling iron mishap

backspatter:

Post-mortem hypostasis pattern on the front of a  body found face down on a bed. The linear marks are formed  by pressure from creases in a blanket. Pallor around the mouth and nose are caused by pressure against the bed and do not necessarily indicate marks of suffocation.

backspatter:

Post-mortem hypostasis pattern on the front of a  body found face down on a bed. The linear marks are formed  by pressure from creases in a blanket. Pallor around the mouth and nose are caused by pressure against the bed and do not necessarily indicate marks of suffocation.

medbeat:

Autopsy Tools

Copyright © Source

Enterotome

These large scissors are used for opening the intestines. The bulb-ended blade is inserted into the lumen (the hollow inside) of the gut, and the instrument is smoothly stripped down the length of the intestine. The blunt bulb keeps the internal blade from perforating the gut from the inside.

Skull chisel

After scoring the calvarium (the vault-like part of the skull that holds the brain) with the vibrating saw or hand saw, the chisel is used to gently finish the separation of the top of the calvarium from the lower skull, thus exposing the brain and its coverings (meninges).

Hagedorn needle

Also called the sailmaker’s needle, this is a large needle with an eye for sewing up the body after the autopsy is finished. The stitching is similar to that used on the outer covering of baseballs. Heavy twine, which is much coarser than suture, is used for the procedure.

Rib cutters

These look like small pruning shears and are used to cut through the ribs prior to lifting off the chest plate. Some prosectors actually use pruning shears from a hardware store, which are much less expensive.

Scalpel

This differs from the surgeon’s scalpel in having a longer handle for reaching deeper into body cavities. The disposable blade is usually a #22 size, which is the largest commonly available.

Toothed forceps

The teeth on these “pickups” lend strength in gripping heavy organs for removal. In surgical pathology, teeth are a liability in that they increase the risk of cross contamination between specimens, so untoothed forceps are used there.

Scissors

These are otherwise unremarkable scissors used for opening hollow organs (such as the gallbladder) and trimming off tissues. They can also be used for blunt dissection by means of an “opening” motion, rather than the more familiar “closing” motion used in cutting.

Bone saw

This hand saw is rarely used today, most often by pathologists who fear infection from aersols thrown up by the much more vigorous vibrating saw (see below). The hand saw can be used to saw through the skull, but it’s very slow-going compared to the vibrating saw.

Hammer with hook

The hammer (perhaps the Beatles’ inspiration for “Maxwell’s silver hammer”?) is used with the chisel to separate the calvarium from the lower skull. The hook is handy to pull the calvarium away.

Breadknife

Also referred to simply as the “long knife,” this is used to smoothly cut solid organs into slices for examination, display, and photography of the organs’ cut surfaces. Particularly facile prosectors pride themselves on being able to do almost all of the soft tissue dissections (including stripping the gut from the mesentery and opening the heart chambers) with this large, unlikely-looking blade. The example shown here includes a disposable blade. Models with permanent, resharpenable blades are also available.

Vibrating saw

The vibrating saw, also referred to eponymously as the “Stryker saw,” is the instrument of choice for most prosectors faced with removing the brain. The blade reciprocates rapidly with a small amplitude. This action prevents the saw from cutting soft tissues, notably the prosector’s hand. The disadvantage of vibrating saws is that they throw up more potentially infectious aerosols than do hand saws.

backspatter:

In this case, a man’s body had become impaled on a wrought-iron fence. At this stage of the investigation, the case could be a homicide, suicide, or accident. The first officer must establish a crime scene for the responding detectives and isolate the body from the onlookers

backspatter:

In this case, a man’s body had become impaled on a wrought-iron fence. At this stage of the investigation, the case could be a homicide, suicide, or accident. The first officer must establish a crime scene for the responding detectives and isolate the body from the onlookers

christconquers:

"Dust you are, And to dust you shall return."
— Book of Genesis, chapter 3
Original image via we-didnt-start-the-fire-ignited

christconquers:

"Dust you are, And to dust you shall return."

— Book of Genesis, chapter 3

Original image via we-didnt-start-the-fire-ignited